The Bar Exam From Within

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Crushing the Bar Exam: How to Answer Multiple Choice Questions (for Law Students)

For many U.S. states, you must have graduated with a J.D. degree from an American Bar Association accredited law school in the United States to sit for their exam however, some states like New York and California operate a relatively open policy in permitting foreign law graduates or lawyers to sit their bar examination and do not impose restrictions to admission on grounds of nationality or residence.

The Multistate Performance Test

The Multistate Performance Test is one component of the Uniform Bar Exam. It consists of two 90-minute exams that are administered together on the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in February and the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in July of each year .

Jurisdictions that administer the UBE use both MPT items.

The MPT is used to determine the application of lawyering skills in realistic situations that beginning lawyers should be equipped to handle. Instead of being a test of substantive knowledge, it is designed to evaluate fundamental skills and the application of those skills, not specific to any particular area of law. Jurisdictions that administer the UBE weight the MPT component 20%.

Watch Our Weekly Videos

Each week we are creating videos to discuss what weve learned from past bar exams and also from our students. We try and provide the latest tips and tricks to help our students pass the next bar exam. The videos are a good insight into the latest themes and issues were finding on the recent bar exams. We also touch on how to discuss certain key topics and issues we have found are repeatedly tested on the bar exam. Our hope is that by watching our weekly videos with our graders this will also help you dramatically improve your score or pass the next bar exam. Our goal is to help you pass. It doesnt need to cost an arm and a leg!

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The Multistate Bar Examination

The Multistate Bar Examination is one component of the Uniform Bar Exam. It is a 200-question, multiple-choice exam that is administered over a six-hour period on two dates per year: the last Wednesday of February and the last Wednesday of July.

The MBE is used to help bar examiners determine competence to practice law. Specifically, it is used to assess an examinees ability to apply fundamental legal principles, exercise legal reasoning, and analyze fact patterns. Jurisdictions that administer the UBE weight the MBE component 50%.

The Multistate Essay Examination consists of six 30-minute questions that are administered on the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in February and the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in July of each year .

The MEE is used to determine effective communication in writing, specifically the ability to:

  • identify legal issues raised by real-life, factual scenarios
  • differentiate between relevant and non-relevant information
  • present a reasoned analysis of relevant information through clarity in writing and composition
  • demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental legal principles that are relevant to the issues tested
  • …and more

    Jurisdictions that administer the UBE weight the MEE component 30%.

    Ube States And Ube Jurisdictions

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    The U.S. states and districts that accept the UBE are:

    The UBE is uniformly administered across these jurisdictions, but the jurisdictions themselves are responsible for certain aspects of the exam and its administration, including, but not limited to:

    • determining who can sit for the exam and how many times they can take it
    • scoring the MEE and MPT components
    • setting score release policies
    • requiring additional jurisdiction-specific exams or educational components
    • setting passing score rates and determining how long scores will be accepted

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    Rule 8 Admission By Temporary License For Legal Services Programs

    A. Eligibility. A lawyer licensed in another jurisdiction may apply for and be admitted under a temporary license to practice law in Minnesota when the applicant has accepted employment in Minnesota as a lawyer for a legal services program.

    B. Filing. In order to qualify for the license, the lawyer must comply with the requirements of Rule 4A, , and and must file with the Board, the following: A completed application for temporary license to practice law in Minnesota for a legal services program A certificate or certificates from the proper authority in each jurisdiction certifying that the lawyer is in good standing and that no charges of professional misconduct are pending An affidavit from the applicants employer attesting to his or her knowledge of the applicants competence and good character, and the fact that the applicant has accepted employment as a lawyer for a legal services program in Minnesota and will be supervised by a licensed Minnesota lawyer Two additional affidavits of character as prescribed by Rule 4B, and a fee consistent with Rule 12G of these Rules.

    C. Certification of Applicants Good Character and Fitness. The office of the Board shall conduct an expedited character and fitness investigation and certify the applicants good character and fitness prior to issuance of a license under this Rule.

    Aba’s Legal Education Council Signals Support For Bar Exam Alternatives

    • The ABA has long positioned the bar exam as the cornerstone of attorney licensure
    • But leaders of the arm of the ABA that oversees law schools suggested Friday that there’s room for other approaches

    – The American Bar Association will consider revising its accreditation standards to ensure those rules aren’t a roadblock for states considering attorney licensing programs that bypass the bar exam.

    The ABAs Council of the Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar on Friday directed a committee to review the existing bar passage standard, which requires that at least 75% of a law schools graduates pass the bar exam within two years in order to maintain accreditation.

    While incremental, that review represents a significant departure in the ABAs approach to the test, which it has long positioned as the cornerstone of attorney licensure and a key measure of a law schools performance.

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    But the bar exam has come under intense scrutiny in recent years, with critics alleging that it relies too heavily on the memorization of law and does not test the practical skills new attorneys need to be successful.

    Some also claim the exam is biased, pointing to significant pass rate gaps between white and minority test takers.

    The ABA is poised to decide later this year whether it will drop its longstanding requirement that schools use the Law School Admission Test to evaluate applicants.

    Read more:

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    Us Bar Exam Information

    The LL.M. Programs are not specifically designed as a U.S. bar exam preparation course however, after graduating from the program, many of our students sit for the New York bar exam. We urge students interested in taking a U.S. bar exam to review the Comprehensive Guide to Bar Admission Requirements, which lists the bar eligibility requirements of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The guide is published by the National Conference of Bar Examiners.

    Students who opt to sit for a bar exam may be limited in their course selections. We encourage all students to discuss their course of study and the various requirements for their LL.M. and a bar exam with the academic advisors of their respective LL.M. programs.

    The qualification to sit for the New York Bar Exam is a foundational goal for many of our LL.M students. The Program advises students, even before their LL.M degree begins in earnest, to submit the Foreign Evaluation Form to New York State Board of Bar Examiners. This Foreign Evaluation Form is the second of two requirements to sit for the New York Bar Exam, along with graduation from an LL.M degree with a minimum of twenty-four credits – twelve of which are in New York Bar subjects – with a passing GPA.

    New York Bar Exam Eligibility Requirements


    What Is The Multistate Essay Exam

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    The MEE consists of six essay questions that must be completed in three hours. These six questions can be based on any of the following subjects:

    • All subjects tested on the MBE
    • Business Associations
    • Secured Transactions
    • Trusts and Estates

    For more on what to expect on the MEE, check out NCBEs Preparing for the MEE page.

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    Rule 3 State Board Of Law Examiners

    A. Composition. The Board shall consist of nine members, including a president. Seven of the members shall be lawyers having their principal office in this state and two shall be non-lawyer public members, each appointed by the Court for a term of three years or until a successor is appointed and qualifies. With the exception of the president, Board members may serve no more than three successive three-year terms. The president shall be appointed by the Court and shall serve as president, at the pleasure of the Court, for no more than six years. The terms of office may be staggered by the Court by any method it deems appropriate. The Board shall select a secretary from among its members.

    C. Board Meetings and Quorum. Meetings. Board meetings are open to the public except when the Board is considering the following: Examination materials Any information concerning an applicant, potential applicant, or conditionally admitted lawyer Personnel matters Any information that is confidential or private under Rule 14 Legal advice from its counsel. Minutes. Minutes of the public portions of Board meetings are available upon request from the Board office. Meeting Attendance. Board members may attend meetings in person or, in extraordinary circumstances, by conference call. Quorum. A quorum of the Board shall be a majority of its sitting members.

    Rule 6 Admission By Examination

    A. Dates of Examinations. Examinations shall be held the last Tuesday and Wednesday of the months of February and July each year, at a place to be determined by the Board.

    B. Timely Filing Deadlines. An application for admission by examination shall be filed in the office of the Board by October 15 for the February examination, or by March 15 for the July examination. Due dates shall be strictly enforced as specified in Rule 2B.

    C. Late Filing Deadlines. Late applications will be accepted on or before December 1 for the February examination, or on or before May 1 for the July examination but must be accompanied by the late filing fee pursuant to Rule 12. No applications shall be accepted after the late filing deadline. Due dates shall be strictly enforced as specified in Rule 2B.

    D. Denial of Opportunity to Test. An applicant may be denied permission to take an examination: When the applicant has failed to comply with the requirements of Rule 4B, 4C, or 4H or When the Board has determined the applicant has not satisfied the good character and fitness requirement of Rule 4A.

    G. Computer use. Any applicant requesting to use a laptop computer to write the essay and performance test portion of the bar examination shall submit a computer registration form with the application and pay the required fee.

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    Rule 7 Admission Without Examination

    B. Eligibility for Admission by MBE Score. An applicant may be eligible for admission without examination under Rule 4A if the applicant has received a scaled score of 145 or higher on the MBE taken as a part of and at the same time as the essay or other part of a written bar examination given by another jurisdiction, was successful on that bar examination, and was subsequently admitted in that jurisdiction. The applicant shall submit evidence of the score and a completed application to the Board within 36 months of the date of the qualifying examination being used as the basis for the admission.

    D. Transfer of MBE or UBE Score. An applicant seeking to transfer a MBE or UBE score achieved in another jurisdiction to Minnesota shall submit a written request for transfer to the National Conference of Bar Examiners.

    E. MBE Score Advisory. Upon written request, the director will advise an applicant or potential applicant who took and passed a bar examination in another jurisdiction whether or not his or her MBE score satisfies the requirements of Rule 7B. Requests for score advisory shall include the following: Complete name and social security number of the examinee and Month, year, and jurisdiction of test administration.

    F. No Waiver of Time Requirements. The minimum time requirements and the timely filing requirements of this Rule shall be strictly enforced.

    What Is The Bar Exam

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    The Uniform Bar Examination is a standardized bar exam created by the National Conference of Bar Examiners . It is designed to test knowledge and skills that every lawyer should have before becoming licensed to practice law.

    The UBE is uniformly administered and scored, and the UBE score is portable, meaning it can be used to apply in multiple jurisdictions that have adopted the UBE. Some jurisdictions that use the UBE may also require applicants to complete additional educational components or exams. Each jurisdiction sets its own passing score.

    The UBE consists of three parts: the Multistate Bar Examination , the Multistate Essay Examination , and the Multistate Performance Test . You can read more details about each of these sections below.

    The UBE is administered twice a year over the course of two days.

    The first administration of the MBE falls on the last Wednesday of February, with the MEE and MPT being administered the Tuesday prior to that. The second administration of the MBE is on the last Wednesday of July, with the MEE and MPT on the Tuesday prior to that.

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    Ed. note: This is the latest installment in a series of posts on motherhood in the legal profession, in partnership with our friends at MothersEsquire. Welcome Joseline Jean-Louis Hardrick back to our pages. Click here if youd like to donate to MothersEsquire.

    The recent statistics from the AccessLex Institute show a clear difference in performance on the bar exam based on race and socioeconomic status. The report, which took three years to collect, analyze, summarize, and interpret, discusses the experiences and outcomes of first- and second-time New York State Bar candidates. AccessLex Institute worked with the New York State Board of Law Examiners to finalize the publication and provide recommendations to the legal education community. Specifically, they guide legal educators to build and improve efforts to prepare law school graduates for first-time bar exam passage in a way that is both equitable and effective.

    We dont need new reports telling us what we know . We need new ways to judge the fitness of an individual to practice law and represent individuals.

    Of course, we want lawyers who are honest, competent, and mentally well. We trust these people with lives and a significant amount of money.

    Rule 10 Admission By House Counsel License

    A. Practice by House Counsel. A lawyer licensed in another jurisdiction shall not practice law in Minnesota as house counsel unless he or she is admitted to practice in Minnesota under this Rule, Rule 6 , Rule 7 , or Rule 9 .

    B. Eligibility. A lawyer licensed in another jurisdiction or the holder of a temporary house counsel license issued pursuant to Rule 9B and 9C, who intends to practice in Minnesota for more than 12 months, may apply for a house counsel license when the lawyer: Is employed in Minnesota as house counsel solely for a single corporation , association, business, or governmental entity whose lawful business consists of activities other than the practice of law or the provision of legal services Has practiced law by engaging in one or more of the activities listed in Rule 7A for at least 36 of the previous 60 months and Complies with the eligibility provisions of Rule 4A, , or , , , and .

    D. Limitation. A license issued pursuant to this Rule authorizes the holder to practice solely for the employer designated in the Rule 10C affidavit, except that the lawyer is authorized to provide pro bono legal representation to a pro bono client referred to the lawyer through an approved legal services provider as these phrases are defined in Rule 2S, Rule 2R, and Rule 2B, respectively of the Rules of the Supreme Court for Continuing Legal Education of the Bar.

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    Board Of Bar Examiners Of The Supreme Court Of Delaware


    APPLICANTS who achieve a passing score on the written examination MUST attend the Pre-Admission Conference on November 15, 2022 8:00 am 4:10 pm at the Chase Center, 815 Justison Street, Wilmington Delaware.

    The Board will not be scheduling a Preceptor’s Meeting for 2022.

    Due to the ongoing COVID-19 health crisis, the Board of Bar Examiners will not be holding the 2022 Annual Preceptors Meeting.

    Any qualified attorney who plans to serve as a preceptor for a 2022 Delaware bar applicant and has not attended a Preceptors Meeting within the previous three years may watch a video of a previous year’s meeting to fulfill the meeting requirement.

    Please contact Patty Schwartz at to make arrangements to view the video and to submit a certificate of attendance.

    IMPORTANT: Criminal background checks can take several months to receive from the FBI. Applicants should start that process as soon as possible.

    What Is The Actual Meaning Of Bar In The Legal Context

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    In actuality, the term bar refers to the physical railing in a courtroom that separates legal professionals from the general public. Trials are open to members of the public and there is a seating area in most courtrooms.

    Because of this, the bar separates those involved in a trial or hearing from other citizens. Legal professionals in the courtroom typically include:

    Those who are involved in the case will sit in front of the bar in the courtroom. In the English courts, barristers were often called up to the bar as legal advocates for other people.

    The term bar has also come to refer to the association of licensed legal practitioners. This is known as the bar association.

    Other terms have developed around the legal profession as well. For instance, the term bench commonly refers to judges. This is because it references the seat that judges have in the courtroom.

    When an attorney is admitted to the bar association, they have passed the bar exam and completed all of the other requirements. Lawyers are permitted to practice within particular areas, and every state sets specific requirements for practicing law.

    All of the states in the U.S. also prohibit practicing law without a required license. Thats why, when you are involved in a legal dispute, it is critical to consult with a licensed legal professional in your area.

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